FRESH - Fully bio based and bio degradable ready meal packaging


Ready meal consumption continues to grow throughout Europe – 6.5 billion and growing. The trays they come in are creating vast quantities of waste, many of which go for landfill.

The FRESH project will demonstrate an innovative, cellulose-based alternative to existing fossil-based plastic trays, which is a fully bio-based and biodegradable composite material.

The project will deliver a full value chain that will demonstrate the techno-economic viability (including customer satisfaction) of a 100% bio-based and 100% biodegradable alternative made from an innovative cellulose-based composite, using a new lamination technology.



The overall objective is to do a demonstration with an innovative cellulose-based packaging composite material as fully bio-based and biodegradable alterative for the PET/ CPET ready meal trays.

  • Deliver a food safe, GMO-free and 100% bio-based and biodegradable product.
  • Be at least 10% lighter than the fossil alternative (PET)
  • Deliver the same or better technical and functional properties than a PET food tray
  • Show a radically improved environmental footprint (CO2 reduction of more than 80%) over the product lifecycle than competing fossil-based packaging material;
  • Open up new applications and markets and increase the competitiveness of the European pulp, board and paper making industries, additionally showing high potential in terms of job creation in rural areas, moreover showing high potential for replicability in Europe.
  • FRESH will create a fully bio based ready meal package is vital to ensure that more sustainable packages are fabricated durable in the packaging industry
Expected impacts: 
  • Delivering a safe 100% bio-based and biodegradable product
  • Environmental improvement | > 10% weight reduction and > 50% CO2 reduction
  • More than 50% CO2 emission reduction compared to competing fossil-based packaging material